Vietnam (Vietnamese: Việt Nam), officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is a country in Southeast Asia. With 96,160,163 (2017) inhabitants, Vietnam is one of the 15 most populous countries in the world. The capital is northern Hanoi (Hà Nội) and the largest city is southern Ho Chi Minh City (Thành Phố Hồ Chí Minh), formerly Saigon.
Vietnam is located on the Indochina Peninsula and is bordered by China to the north, the Gulf of Tonkin and the Chinese island of Hainan to the northeast, the South China Sea to the southeast, Cambodia to the southwest, and Laos. in the northwest. Indochina is a geographical term for that part of Asia that consists of present-day Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. Sometimes (eastern) Thailand is also included. Vietnam is particularly influenced by China, while Thailand, Cambodia and Laos lean more towards India.
Since the reunification of North and South Vietnam in 1976, following the Vietnam War, the country has been a socialist people's republic. The Communist Party of Vietnam is the only political party to have full power, although from 1986 onwards the country has been increasingly involved in international diplomacy and the world economy through political and economic reforms. In the early years of the 21st century, Vietnam's economic growth is one of the highest in the region. The successful economic reforms resulted in his joining the World Trade Organization in 2007.