China, in full People's Republic of China, is a country in East Asia whose capital is Beijing. China is divided into 23 provinces, five autonomous regions, four city provinces and two special administrative regions.
China has a diverse landscape, with the Tian Shan and the Himalayas as the highest mountains in the world in the southwest, the Taklamakan and Gobi deserts in the north, and the subtropical rainforests in the south on the border with Vietnam and Laos. The territory is bordered on the north by Mongolia and Russia, on the east by North Korea, and on the west by Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Pakistan. In the south, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam are neighbors. In addition, China has a coastline of 6,400 km to the east and south bordering the Yellow Sea, the East China Sea and the South China Sea. With a population of 1,379,302,771 (2017), it is the largest country in terms of inhabitants (for India) and with an area of 9,596,961 km², the country is fourth in terms of area (after Russia and Canada and the United States).
China is one of the earliest centers of civilization and quite early in world history became a large unified country with an advanced culture in the arts and sciences. In 221 BC, the first emperor, Qin Shi Huangdi, came to power who united the country after centuries of unrest, leaving behind the Terracotta Army and the Great Wall of China. In 1911, the Republic of China was proclaimed, in 1949 the communists led by Mao Zedong won the Chinese Civil War and the country, from then on called the People's Republic of China, became communist. The country has been internationally recognized since 1971, when it took the place of the Republic of China, Taiwan, as China's representative to the United Nations, and has enjoyed spectacular economic growth since the start of economic reforms in 1978. Since 2013, Xi Jinping, the tenth President of the People's Republic, has been in power.